Report- Ritwik Dutta
New Delhi— Delhi is popularly known to be the migrant capital of the country with a growth of 33% in population which is the highest in 15 years.
Delhi being the capital of the country offers enormous job opportunities for people coming from different strata of society.
Delhi is a growing state in terms of social and economic conditions of the society which is why a lot of people migrate from the northernmost and northeastern belt of India.
The question is how many of them are able to access better work, education and healthcare systems after the migration.
Minarul Islam came to Delhi 10 years ago from Haathsingimari of South Salmara district in Assam. He says, he came to find work in Delhi as the land they own in Assam is not enough to feed the entire family.
“I could not study due to lack of money in my family however, I wanted to earn a better living source for myself and we 3 brothers came to Delhi while one stayed back in Assam”.
He has been staying in the Madanpur Khadar area of Delhi along with his wife and 3 children. Out of the three, 2 of them are in school and the youngest one is 3 years old.
When asked about how much he earns? He says he earns an average wage of 20,000 but due to covid and lack of regular payments, he cannot save anything.
When asked about the covid time, he said there was absolutely no help from the government towards the people of the area.
Another resident staying in Sangam Vihar who migrated in the year 2014 with his family to find better employment opportunity talks about his experience. He stated, “I always made a way for myself but it gets difficult when someone falls sick and at the time of Covid.”
His house was cleaned with 2 rooms, one for his children and the other for him and his wife. There was a bed uniformly placed in the right corner with a table adjacent to it with books of the children placed on top of one another.
He further adds, “Out of them, the eldest daughter got married and the younger one is in school. He says, life has been tough and finding work got much more difficult after covid. He has been working as a construction worker and mostly relies on daily wage work for sustainability. At the time of Covid, he had to switch from working asa helper at home to mostly being at home due to lack of work”.
Most of the time migration takes place in search of better livelihood and social growth of the individual or family.
However, migration and social growth are adverse for people coming from different sections of society. The trajectory mostly is diverse for people coming from different castes, class race and gender.
A daily wage worker depends on daily earnings for sustainability whereas the financial earnings of a white-collar job would mostly be monthly income and profit earnings.
This is why the consistent flow of income for people from different sections might vary despite the growth of the per capita income of an overall metropolitan city.
How to bring in equal benefits and direct focus on the growth of the marginalized community
Some of the changes can take place by bringing in policy-level changes in the structures. An increase in the flow of organizational assistance to bring free education, a free healthcare system, and a sensitization programme in understanding the growth of marginalized gender for the overall growth of a family, minimum low wage policy can turn out to be effective.